"Memorial for Karl Liebknecht" by Käthe Kollwitz, 1921. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were among the founders of the Berlin Spartakusbund (Spartacus League) that evolved into the Communist Party of Germany. On January 15, 1919, Liebknecht and Luxemburg were shot to death during the Spartacus Revolt on the pretext that they were attempting escape.
Birkle’s work represents the New Objectivity movement that encompassed much of the art produced in the Weimar Republic. Artists like Birkle challenged their viewers to see the world as it really was, rather than as they would like it to be. See full-sized image for analysis.
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